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Guy-Bernard CADIÈRE

Hôpital Universitaire St Pierre
Brussels, Belgium
MD, PhD
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The 3 approaches to splenic flexure mobilization
Background: The mobilization of the splenic flexure during laparoscopic colorectal surgery can be a challenge, especially in anatomically difficult patients. In this video, the inframesocolic, the supramesocolic, and lateral-to-medial approaches are demonstrated.

Video: The first part of the video shows the inframesocolic approach where the opening of the transverse mesocolon, above the pancreatic body and tail, allows access to the lesser sac and the exposure of the spleen. The second part of the video shows the supramesocolic approach where reaching Gerota’s fascia allows the flexure to be taken down. The third part of the video shows the lateral-to-medial approach where opening the lesser sac allows the flexure to be mobilized.

Results: All three approaches are laparoscopically feasible and safe. The goal remains similar, that is to avoid anastomotic tension. The operative time for this step, during the entire colorectal procedure, is influenced by the patient’s characteristics (previous surgery, high splenic flexure, short mesentery, etc.) and obviously, by the surgeon’s learning curve.

Conclusions: The choice between the three approaches depends on the patient’s characteristics and on the surgeon’s habits.
G Dapri, NA Bascombe, GB Cadière, J Marks
Surgical intervention
1 year ago
4600 views
343 likes
0 comments
11:51
The 3 approaches to splenic flexure mobilization
Background: The mobilization of the splenic flexure during laparoscopic colorectal surgery can be a challenge, especially in anatomically difficult patients. In this video, the inframesocolic, the supramesocolic, and lateral-to-medial approaches are demonstrated.

Video: The first part of the video shows the inframesocolic approach where the opening of the transverse mesocolon, above the pancreatic body and tail, allows access to the lesser sac and the exposure of the spleen. The second part of the video shows the supramesocolic approach where reaching Gerota’s fascia allows the flexure to be taken down. The third part of the video shows the lateral-to-medial approach where opening the lesser sac allows the flexure to be mobilized.

Results: All three approaches are laparoscopically feasible and safe. The goal remains similar, that is to avoid anastomotic tension. The operative time for this step, during the entire colorectal procedure, is influenced by the patient’s characteristics (previous surgery, high splenic flexure, short mesentery, etc.) and obviously, by the surgeon’s learning curve.

Conclusions: The choice between the three approaches depends on the patient’s characteristics and on the surgeon’s habits.
Suprapubic single-incision laparoscopic splenic flexure resection with hand-sewn intracorporeal anastomosis
Background: The authors report the case of a 30-year-old woman who consulted for episodes of diverticulitis due to segmental diverticulosis of the splenic flexure. The patient was scheduled for a suprapubic single incision laparoscopic splenic flexure resection.

Video: A right suprapubic incision was performed and allowed for the introduction of three abdominal trocars (11mm, and two 6mm ones). DAPRI curved reusable instruments (Karl Storz Endoskope, Tuttlingen, Germany) were used, in addition to a 10mm, 30-degree regular length scope. The mobilization of the left mesocolon as well as of the transverse mesocolon was performed. After having completely freed the splenic flexure from its attachments, the transverse colon and the left colon were divided using an articulating linear stapler, introduced into the abdomen under a 5mm, 30-degree long scope. An intracorporeal end-to-end transverse sigmoid anastomosis was performed using two converging running sutures. The mesocolic defect was closed. The specimen was removed through a single access and final scar appeared to be 4cm.

Results: Laparoscopic time was 165 minutes and time to perform the anastomosis was 60 minutes. Operative bleeding was 10cc. The patient was discharged after 4 days, and at visit consultations, the symptoms were resolved.

Conclusion: Single incision laparoscopic splenic flexure resection can be safely performed using a suprapubic access, which enhances cosmetic outcomes, in addition to the advantages of minimally invasive surgery. A laparoscopic intracorporeal anastomosis is mandatory and can be performed using a hand-sewn method.
G Dapri, L Cardinali, A Cadenas Febres, GB Cadière
Surgical intervention
2 years ago
1646 views
92 likes
0 comments
07:12
Suprapubic single-incision laparoscopic splenic flexure resection with hand-sewn intracorporeal anastomosis
Background: The authors report the case of a 30-year-old woman who consulted for episodes of diverticulitis due to segmental diverticulosis of the splenic flexure. The patient was scheduled for a suprapubic single incision laparoscopic splenic flexure resection.

Video: A right suprapubic incision was performed and allowed for the introduction of three abdominal trocars (11mm, and two 6mm ones). DAPRI curved reusable instruments (Karl Storz Endoskope, Tuttlingen, Germany) were used, in addition to a 10mm, 30-degree regular length scope. The mobilization of the left mesocolon as well as of the transverse mesocolon was performed. After having completely freed the splenic flexure from its attachments, the transverse colon and the left colon were divided using an articulating linear stapler, introduced into the abdomen under a 5mm, 30-degree long scope. An intracorporeal end-to-end transverse sigmoid anastomosis was performed using two converging running sutures. The mesocolic defect was closed. The specimen was removed through a single access and final scar appeared to be 4cm.

Results: Laparoscopic time was 165 minutes and time to perform the anastomosis was 60 minutes. Operative bleeding was 10cc. The patient was discharged after 4 days, and at visit consultations, the symptoms were resolved.

Conclusion: Single incision laparoscopic splenic flexure resection can be safely performed using a suprapubic access, which enhances cosmetic outcomes, in addition to the advantages of minimally invasive surgery. A laparoscopic intracorporeal anastomosis is mandatory and can be performed using a hand-sewn method.
Transumbilical single-access laparoscopic subxiphoidal incisional hernia repair
Background: In this video, the authors report the case of a 65-year-old man who consulted for a subxiphoidal incisional hernia after open cardiac surgery. A transumbilical single access laparoscopic repair was proposed.

Video: The umbilical scar was incised and, after having placed a fascial umbilical purse-string suture, an 11mm reusable trocar was introduced. DAPRI curved reusable instruments (Karl Storz Endoskope, Tuttlingen, Germany) were introduced. The subxiphoidal hernia was put in evidence. The fatty tissue covering the defect was freed and the hernia defect was measured to be 8cm cranio-caudally and 6cm latero-laterally. A dual face mesh of 15 and 14cm (Surgimesh XB, Aspide Medical, Saint-Etienne, France) was chosen and introduced into the cavity through the 11mm trocar. The mesh was fixed against the abdominal wall using absorbable tacks (Sorbafix, Bard Davol Inc., Warwick, RI, US), and against the pericardial sheet using a polypropylene suture, in order to prevent any potential cardiac tamponade.

Results: The final umbilical scar was 15mm. Operative time was 65 minutes, and operative bleeding was insignificant. The patient was discharged on postoperative day 1. At visit consultations, no recurrence was evidenced.

Conclusion: Subxiphoidal incisional hernia after open cardiac surgery can be treated successfully using a transumbilical single access laparoscopy.
G Dapri, A Cadenas Febres, L Cardinali, SH Sondji, I Surdeanu, GB Cadière
Surgical intervention
2 years ago
1452 views
132 likes
0 comments
06:30
Transumbilical single-access laparoscopic subxiphoidal incisional hernia repair
Background: In this video, the authors report the case of a 65-year-old man who consulted for a subxiphoidal incisional hernia after open cardiac surgery. A transumbilical single access laparoscopic repair was proposed.

Video: The umbilical scar was incised and, after having placed a fascial umbilical purse-string suture, an 11mm reusable trocar was introduced. DAPRI curved reusable instruments (Karl Storz Endoskope, Tuttlingen, Germany) were introduced. The subxiphoidal hernia was put in evidence. The fatty tissue covering the defect was freed and the hernia defect was measured to be 8cm cranio-caudally and 6cm latero-laterally. A dual face mesh of 15 and 14cm (Surgimesh XB, Aspide Medical, Saint-Etienne, France) was chosen and introduced into the cavity through the 11mm trocar. The mesh was fixed against the abdominal wall using absorbable tacks (Sorbafix, Bard Davol Inc., Warwick, RI, US), and against the pericardial sheet using a polypropylene suture, in order to prevent any potential cardiac tamponade.

Results: The final umbilical scar was 15mm. Operative time was 65 minutes, and operative bleeding was insignificant. The patient was discharged on postoperative day 1. At visit consultations, no recurrence was evidenced.

Conclusion: Subxiphoidal incisional hernia after open cardiac surgery can be treated successfully using a transumbilical single access laparoscopy.
Laparoscopic prosthetic parastomal and perineal hernias repair after abdominoperineal resection
Background: In this video, the authors report the case of a 74-year-old woman who consulted for episodes of intestinal occlusions following an abdomino-perineal resection for rectal adenocarcinoma (pT2N0M0), performed 6 years earlier. Abdomino-pelvic CT-scan showed a parastomal hernia with migrated small bowel loops and a perineal hernia with transposition of the caecum and bowel loops into the pelvis. Preoperative work-up was negative for tumor recurrence, hence a laparoscopic treatment using a double dual face prosthesis was proposed.

Video: Three trocars were placed into the abdomen. After adhesiolysis and removal of the viscera herniated into the hernia, the parastomal defect was exposed and measured intracorporeally 6cm (cranio-caudally) and 4cm (latero-laterally). An intracorporeal suture was used to close the defect, and a dual face prosthesis of 15cm in length and 10cm in width (Surgimesh XB, Aspide Medical, Saint-Etienne, France) was fixed by means of absorbable tacks (Sorbafix, Bard Davol Inc., Warwick, RI, US), according to the Sugarbaker technique. Successively, the pelvis was freed from adhesions, and the superior pelvic opening appeared to be 8cm (antero-posteriorly) and 7cm (latero-laterally). A dual face circular prosthesis of 10cm (Surgimesh XB, Aspide Medical) was fixed using two running sutures around the superior pelvic opening.

Results: Operative time was 72 minutes for parastomal hernia and 95 minutes for perineal hernia. Operative bleeding was unsignificant. The patient was discharged after 3 days, and at visit consultations, she did not present with any recurrence.

Conclusion: Prosthetic parastomal and perineal hernias repair can be performed simultaneously using laparoscopy with the same port positioning, adding the advantages of minimally invasive surgery and avoiding a large laparotomy.
G Dapri, L Gerard, L Cardinali, D Repullo, I Surdeanu, SH Sondji, GB Cadière
Surgical intervention
2 years ago
1144 views
117 likes
0 comments
07:20
Laparoscopic prosthetic parastomal and perineal hernias repair after abdominoperineal resection
Background: In this video, the authors report the case of a 74-year-old woman who consulted for episodes of intestinal occlusions following an abdomino-perineal resection for rectal adenocarcinoma (pT2N0M0), performed 6 years earlier. Abdomino-pelvic CT-scan showed a parastomal hernia with migrated small bowel loops and a perineal hernia with transposition of the caecum and bowel loops into the pelvis. Preoperative work-up was negative for tumor recurrence, hence a laparoscopic treatment using a double dual face prosthesis was proposed.

Video: Three trocars were placed into the abdomen. After adhesiolysis and removal of the viscera herniated into the hernia, the parastomal defect was exposed and measured intracorporeally 6cm (cranio-caudally) and 4cm (latero-laterally). An intracorporeal suture was used to close the defect, and a dual face prosthesis of 15cm in length and 10cm in width (Surgimesh XB, Aspide Medical, Saint-Etienne, France) was fixed by means of absorbable tacks (Sorbafix, Bard Davol Inc., Warwick, RI, US), according to the Sugarbaker technique. Successively, the pelvis was freed from adhesions, and the superior pelvic opening appeared to be 8cm (antero-posteriorly) and 7cm (latero-laterally). A dual face circular prosthesis of 10cm (Surgimesh XB, Aspide Medical) was fixed using two running sutures around the superior pelvic opening.

Results: Operative time was 72 minutes for parastomal hernia and 95 minutes for perineal hernia. Operative bleeding was unsignificant. The patient was discharged after 3 days, and at visit consultations, she did not present with any recurrence.

Conclusion: Prosthetic parastomal and perineal hernias repair can be performed simultaneously using laparoscopy with the same port positioning, adding the advantages of minimally invasive surgery and avoiding a large laparotomy.
Single incision laparoscopic non-traumatic left lateral diaphragmatic hernia repair
Background: A diaphragmatic hernia is a quite uncommon disease, being congenital or post-traumatic. Its diagnosis is frequently incidental. The surgical treatment can be performed through the abdomen as well as through the chest. Laparoscopy and thoracoscopy offer a surgical benefit, because of reduced abdominal wall trauma and added advantages provided by minimally invasive surgery (MIS). Transumbilical single incision laparoscopy (TSIL), in addition to improved cosmetic results, can offer other advantages to MIS such as reduced postoperative pain, a shorter hospital stay, and improved patient comfort.
Video: The authors report the case of a 45-year-old man who consulted for a non-traumatic left lateral diaphragmatic hernia, which was discovered incidentally, and which was treated using TSIL suture and mesh reinforcement.
Results: Laparoscopic time was 104 minutes and perioperative bleeding was insignificant. The final umbilical scar was 15mm. During the postoperative course, only 4 grams of paracetamol were used. The patient was discharged on the 1st postoperative day, after chest X-ray control. At consultation, the patient did not report the use of painkillers and, at 1, 6, and 12 months, the chest X-ray control was negative for recurrence.
Conclusions: Uncommon conditions, such as a lateral diaphragmatic hernia, can be approached using TSIL, because this technique adds an improved cosmetic result, a reduced postoperative pain, a shorter hospital stay, and an improved patient comfort.
G Dapri, K Jottard, K Grozdev, D Guta, GB Cadière
Surgical intervention
3 years ago
1000 views
32 likes
0 comments
07:14
Single incision laparoscopic non-traumatic left lateral diaphragmatic hernia repair
Background: A diaphragmatic hernia is a quite uncommon disease, being congenital or post-traumatic. Its diagnosis is frequently incidental. The surgical treatment can be performed through the abdomen as well as through the chest. Laparoscopy and thoracoscopy offer a surgical benefit, because of reduced abdominal wall trauma and added advantages provided by minimally invasive surgery (MIS). Transumbilical single incision laparoscopy (TSIL), in addition to improved cosmetic results, can offer other advantages to MIS such as reduced postoperative pain, a shorter hospital stay, and improved patient comfort.
Video: The authors report the case of a 45-year-old man who consulted for a non-traumatic left lateral diaphragmatic hernia, which was discovered incidentally, and which was treated using TSIL suture and mesh reinforcement.
Results: Laparoscopic time was 104 minutes and perioperative bleeding was insignificant. The final umbilical scar was 15mm. During the postoperative course, only 4 grams of paracetamol were used. The patient was discharged on the 1st postoperative day, after chest X-ray control. At consultation, the patient did not report the use of painkillers and, at 1, 6, and 12 months, the chest X-ray control was negative for recurrence.
Conclusions: Uncommon conditions, such as a lateral diaphragmatic hernia, can be approached using TSIL, because this technique adds an improved cosmetic result, a reduced postoperative pain, a shorter hospital stay, and an improved patient comfort.
Laparoscopic total mesorectal excision (TME) through single right iliac fossa (RIF) incision
Background: Single incision laparoscopy is worth of interest during up-to-down rectal resection because it allows to use the single site as the site of temporary ileostomy placement at the end of the procedure.
Video: This video shows an up-to-down single incision laparoscopic rectal resection in a 49-year-old woman presenting with a rectal adenocarcinoma located 12cm away from the anal margin. Preoperative work-up showed a T2N0M0 tumor. The procedure was entirely performed with curved reusable instruments according to DAPRI (Karl Storz Endoskope, Tuttlingen, Germany), inserted in the right flank. The uterus and the peritoneal sheet covering the vagina were retrieved using percutaneous sutures. A circular mechanical colorectal anastomosis was performed and a final temporary ileostomy was placed at the site of the single access.
Results: The procedure duration was 297 minutes, and peroperative bleeding was unsignificant. The final scar length was 2.5cm, and the patient was discharged on postoperative day 5. The pathological report confirmed a pT2N0M0 tumor (20 negative nodes).
Conclusions: Up-to-down single incision laparoscopic rectal resection allows to place the temporary ileostomy at the single incision site, offering oncological results comparable to conventional laparoscopy.
G Dapri, N Bachir, L Antolino, K Grozdev, D Guta, K Jottard, GB Cadière
Surgical intervention
3 years ago
2237 views
107 likes
0 comments
09:22
Laparoscopic total mesorectal excision (TME) through single right iliac fossa (RIF) incision
Background: Single incision laparoscopy is worth of interest during up-to-down rectal resection because it allows to use the single site as the site of temporary ileostomy placement at the end of the procedure.
Video: This video shows an up-to-down single incision laparoscopic rectal resection in a 49-year-old woman presenting with a rectal adenocarcinoma located 12cm away from the anal margin. Preoperative work-up showed a T2N0M0 tumor. The procedure was entirely performed with curved reusable instruments according to DAPRI (Karl Storz Endoskope, Tuttlingen, Germany), inserted in the right flank. The uterus and the peritoneal sheet covering the vagina were retrieved using percutaneous sutures. A circular mechanical colorectal anastomosis was performed and a final temporary ileostomy was placed at the site of the single access.
Results: The procedure duration was 297 minutes, and peroperative bleeding was unsignificant. The final scar length was 2.5cm, and the patient was discharged on postoperative day 5. The pathological report confirmed a pT2N0M0 tumor (20 negative nodes).
Conclusions: Up-to-down single incision laparoscopic rectal resection allows to place the temporary ileostomy at the single incision site, offering oncological results comparable to conventional laparoscopy.
Transanal circumferential mucosectomy for symptomatic benign rectal stenosis
Background: Transanal laparoscopy has been described for more than 30 years. In the presence of benign lesions, it gathers increasing interest, especially if such lesions are located in the low rectum or close to the anal margin.
Video: This video demonstrates the case of a 38-year-old man presented with a circumferential rectal stenosis due to a rectal ulcer. The patient underwent a transanal mucosectomy using laparoscopy, after a sequence of unsuccessful endoscopic dilatations. Preoperative work-up showed a circumferential benign stenosis, 2.5cm away from the anal margin. The procedure was entirely performed with a new reusable transanal platform made up by the DAPRI-Port and DAPRI curved instruments (Karl Storz Endoskope, Tuttlingen, Germany). Once the 360-degree mucosectomy had been completed, the mucosal layer was repaired using separate absorbable sutures.
Results: The operative length was 163 minutes, and peroperative bleeding was unsignificant. The patient was discharged on postoperative day 2. The pathological report confirmed the benign nature of the lesion.
Conclusions: Although transanal laparoscopy has been documented for years, it gathers increasing interest and should be considered as the technique of choice for the treatment of benign rectal lesions, which can be difficult to treat using other methods.
G Dapri, N Bachir, L Antolino, K Grozdev, D Guta, K Jottard, GB Cadière
Surgical intervention
3 years ago
1037 views
13 likes
0 comments
08:37
Transanal circumferential mucosectomy for symptomatic benign rectal stenosis
Background: Transanal laparoscopy has been described for more than 30 years. In the presence of benign lesions, it gathers increasing interest, especially if such lesions are located in the low rectum or close to the anal margin.
Video: This video demonstrates the case of a 38-year-old man presented with a circumferential rectal stenosis due to a rectal ulcer. The patient underwent a transanal mucosectomy using laparoscopy, after a sequence of unsuccessful endoscopic dilatations. Preoperative work-up showed a circumferential benign stenosis, 2.5cm away from the anal margin. The procedure was entirely performed with a new reusable transanal platform made up by the DAPRI-Port and DAPRI curved instruments (Karl Storz Endoskope, Tuttlingen, Germany). Once the 360-degree mucosectomy had been completed, the mucosal layer was repaired using separate absorbable sutures.
Results: The operative length was 163 minutes, and peroperative bleeding was unsignificant. The patient was discharged on postoperative day 2. The pathological report confirmed the benign nature of the lesion.
Conclusions: Although transanal laparoscopy has been documented for years, it gathers increasing interest and should be considered as the technique of choice for the treatment of benign rectal lesions, which can be difficult to treat using other methods.
Laparoscopic repair of colorectal leak and fistula using a new transanal reusable platform
Background: Transanal minimally invasive surgery has triggered much interest and investment in research over the last decade. This approach can be used not only to perform primary procedures (e.g., polypectomy, TME), but also to manage intraoperative complications such as leaks, bleedings, and late complications such as fistulas.
Video: The first part of the video shows the repair of an immediate colorectal leak using transanal laparoscopy, in a 50-year-old woman who underwent a laparoscopic anterior resection of the rectum. During anastomotic control, a posterior leak 4cm away from the anal margin was found. A new transanal reusable port, named DAPRI Port or D-Port (Karl Storz Endoskope, Tuttlingen, Germany), along with DAPRI monocurved reusable instruments, was implemented. The second part of the video shows a persisting and symptomatic colorectal fistula, located posteriorly 11cm away from the anal margin, in a 65-year-old man who had undergone a laparoscopic anterior resection of the rectum 4 weeks earlier.
Results: Operative time was 60 and 45 minutes respectively. Patients were discharged after 5 and 2 days respectively. Controls at 2 months (before ileostomy closure) showed a complete healing of the defects.
Conclusions: Complications after anterior resection of the rectum, such as intraoperative leak and late colorectal fistula, can be treated using transanal laparoscopy. This new transanal platform offers surgeons the possibility to work in ergonomic positions without increasing the cost of the procedure thanks to the reusable nature of the material adopted.
G Dapri, D Guta, K Grozdev, L Antolino, K Jottard, GB Cadière
Surgical intervention
3 years ago
1663 views
33 likes
0 comments
05:55
Laparoscopic repair of colorectal leak and fistula using a new transanal reusable platform
Background: Transanal minimally invasive surgery has triggered much interest and investment in research over the last decade. This approach can be used not only to perform primary procedures (e.g., polypectomy, TME), but also to manage intraoperative complications such as leaks, bleedings, and late complications such as fistulas.
Video: The first part of the video shows the repair of an immediate colorectal leak using transanal laparoscopy, in a 50-year-old woman who underwent a laparoscopic anterior resection of the rectum. During anastomotic control, a posterior leak 4cm away from the anal margin was found. A new transanal reusable port, named DAPRI Port or D-Port (Karl Storz Endoskope, Tuttlingen, Germany), along with DAPRI monocurved reusable instruments, was implemented. The second part of the video shows a persisting and symptomatic colorectal fistula, located posteriorly 11cm away from the anal margin, in a 65-year-old man who had undergone a laparoscopic anterior resection of the rectum 4 weeks earlier.
Results: Operative time was 60 and 45 minutes respectively. Patients were discharged after 5 and 2 days respectively. Controls at 2 months (before ileostomy closure) showed a complete healing of the defects.
Conclusions: Complications after anterior resection of the rectum, such as intraoperative leak and late colorectal fistula, can be treated using transanal laparoscopy. This new transanal platform offers surgeons the possibility to work in ergonomic positions without increasing the cost of the procedure thanks to the reusable nature of the material adopted.
Transanal laparoscopic TME with a new port assisted by single incision
Background: Rectal resection with total mesorectal excision (TME) can be performed through the anus going up into the abdominal cavity. This approach has to be performed using a transanal device in order to create a retroperitoneum, allowing the surgeon to perform a TME similar to the one performed from the abdomen going down to the anus. A new reusable port named DAPRI Port or D-Port (Karl Storz Endoskope, Tuttlingen, Germany) has been developed, and a new platform together with curved reusable instruments according to DAPRI (Karl Storz Endoskope) has been created. The D-Port allows to maintain one of the rules of laparoscopy, which is the optical system in the middle of the two ancillary operative tools. In addition, the cost of the procedure is not increased, due to the reusable material.
Video: This video shows a down-to-up rectal resection assisted by single incision laparoscopy, in a 65-year old man presenting with a rectal adenocarcinoma 4cm away from the anal margin. Preoperative work-up showed a T2N0M0 tumor, after radiochemotherapy. The procedure was performed transabdominally for the vascular dissection and transanally for the TME. The abdominal single site was then used for the placement of the temporary ileostomy.
Results: Total operative time was 301 minutes, and partial transanal laparoscopy was 145 minutes. Perioperative bleeding was 50cc. The final scar length was 2.5cm, and the patient was discharged after 5 days. The pathological report confirmed a pT2N0M0 tumor (15 negative nodes).
Conclusions: Down-to-up rectal resection is an interesting procedure, and when associated with single incision laparoscopy, it offers the possibility to use the single site as the site for temporary ileostomy.
G Dapri, L Antolino, N Bachir, D Guta, K Grozdev, B Nebbot, K Jottard, GB Cadière
Surgical intervention
3 years ago
2776 views
40 likes
0 comments
12:53
Transanal laparoscopic TME with a new port assisted by single incision
Background: Rectal resection with total mesorectal excision (TME) can be performed through the anus going up into the abdominal cavity. This approach has to be performed using a transanal device in order to create a retroperitoneum, allowing the surgeon to perform a TME similar to the one performed from the abdomen going down to the anus. A new reusable port named DAPRI Port or D-Port (Karl Storz Endoskope, Tuttlingen, Germany) has been developed, and a new platform together with curved reusable instruments according to DAPRI (Karl Storz Endoskope) has been created. The D-Port allows to maintain one of the rules of laparoscopy, which is the optical system in the middle of the two ancillary operative tools. In addition, the cost of the procedure is not increased, due to the reusable material.
Video: This video shows a down-to-up rectal resection assisted by single incision laparoscopy, in a 65-year old man presenting with a rectal adenocarcinoma 4cm away from the anal margin. Preoperative work-up showed a T2N0M0 tumor, after radiochemotherapy. The procedure was performed transabdominally for the vascular dissection and transanally for the TME. The abdominal single site was then used for the placement of the temporary ileostomy.
Results: Total operative time was 301 minutes, and partial transanal laparoscopy was 145 minutes. Perioperative bleeding was 50cc. The final scar length was 2.5cm, and the patient was discharged after 5 days. The pathological report confirmed a pT2N0M0 tumor (15 negative nodes).
Conclusions: Down-to-up rectal resection is an interesting procedure, and when associated with single incision laparoscopy, it offers the possibility to use the single site as the site for temporary ileostomy.
Suprapubic single incision laparoscopic segmental small bowel resection including 3 different intracorporeal anastomoses
Background: Single incision laparoscopy (SIL) can be offered to young ladies presenting with malignant digestive tumors since they can undergo surgery through a suprapubic access, with a final non-visible result because it is under the bikini line.
Video: A 40-year-old woman presenting with an unknown anemia was admitted to our department. Preoperative work-up evidenced an adenocarcinoma of the small bowel at 120cm from the pylorus. A suprapubic SIL segmental small bowel resection was proposed to the patient. The procedure was performed with the surgeon standing between the patient’s legs, using three reusable ports placed above the pubic bone. Curved reusable instruments according to DAPRI (Karl Storz Endoskope, Tuttlingen, Germany) allowed surgeons to work in good ergonomic conditions, maintaining a low cost for SIL. For the insertion of the linear stapler, a temporary 5mm scope was used and the intestinal continuity was established by a completely intracorporeal manual end-to-end anastomosis. Another option is to perform a completely intracorporeal manual end-to-side anastomosis (especially in case of obstructive tumor) or a linear mechanical side-to-side anastomosis. The mesenteric window was closed. The specimen was extracted suprapubically with a wound protection once the three windows of the ports have been joined together.
Results: Laparoscopy took 160 minutes and perioperative bleeding was 20cc. No postoperative complications were noted and the use of minimal pain killers allowed for patient discharge after four days. Pathological findings demonstrated a poorly differentiated adenocarcinoma of the jejunum, with 17 negative nodes (pT3N0Mx). The postoperative follow-up, including blood tests and PET-scan, did not show any recurrence at 12 months.
Conclusions: In addition to the known advantages of conventional multiport laparoscopy, the SIL technique allows to offer satisfying oncological results in addition to a non-visible surgical scar, because it is localized under the bikini line. Additionally, abdominal trauma and the final scar length can be reduced, since they are related to the tumor’s size.
G Dapri, K Grozdev, GB Cadière
Surgical intervention
3 years ago
889 views
23 likes
0 comments
11:21
Suprapubic single incision laparoscopic segmental small bowel resection including 3 different intracorporeal anastomoses
Background: Single incision laparoscopy (SIL) can be offered to young ladies presenting with malignant digestive tumors since they can undergo surgery through a suprapubic access, with a final non-visible result because it is under the bikini line.
Video: A 40-year-old woman presenting with an unknown anemia was admitted to our department. Preoperative work-up evidenced an adenocarcinoma of the small bowel at 120cm from the pylorus. A suprapubic SIL segmental small bowel resection was proposed to the patient. The procedure was performed with the surgeon standing between the patient’s legs, using three reusable ports placed above the pubic bone. Curved reusable instruments according to DAPRI (Karl Storz Endoskope, Tuttlingen, Germany) allowed surgeons to work in good ergonomic conditions, maintaining a low cost for SIL. For the insertion of the linear stapler, a temporary 5mm scope was used and the intestinal continuity was established by a completely intracorporeal manual end-to-end anastomosis. Another option is to perform a completely intracorporeal manual end-to-side anastomosis (especially in case of obstructive tumor) or a linear mechanical side-to-side anastomosis. The mesenteric window was closed. The specimen was extracted suprapubically with a wound protection once the three windows of the ports have been joined together.
Results: Laparoscopy took 160 minutes and perioperative bleeding was 20cc. No postoperative complications were noted and the use of minimal pain killers allowed for patient discharge after four days. Pathological findings demonstrated a poorly differentiated adenocarcinoma of the jejunum, with 17 negative nodes (pT3N0Mx). The postoperative follow-up, including blood tests and PET-scan, did not show any recurrence at 12 months.
Conclusions: In addition to the known advantages of conventional multiport laparoscopy, the SIL technique allows to offer satisfying oncological results in addition to a non-visible surgical scar, because it is localized under the bikini line. Additionally, abdominal trauma and the final scar length can be reduced, since they are related to the tumor’s size.
Transumbilical single access laparoscopic right adrenalectomy with 1.8mm epigastric trocarless grasping forceps
Background: Single access laparoscopic adrenalectomy has been reported in supine and prone patient positioning. The authors report the technique with the patient in supine position, with the umbilicus as access site, and with all adopted material as reusable.

Video: A 43-year-old woman was admitted to the hospital for symptomatic primary hyperaldosteronism. A right-side adrenal adenoma was diagnosed, and surgery was proposed. The patient was placed in a supine position with a mild semi-lateral left-sided decubitus. The technique was performed using an 11mm reusable trocar to accommodate a 10mm, 30-degree rigid and regular length scope, in addition to curved reusable instruments according to DAPRI (Karl Storz Endoskope, Tuttlingen, Germany). The right liver lobe was retracted using the 1.8mm trocarless grasping forceps according to DAPRI (Karl Storz Endoskope), inserted percutaneously under the 12th right rib. The procedure started with the adhesiolysis between the hepatic surface and right Gerota’s fascia. Then, after having identified the adrenal gland, it was dissected and the inferior adrenal arteries and veins were clipped between 5mm Hem-o-lok® clips (Teleflex Medical, Research Triangle Park, NC, US). The middle adrenal vein was clipped as well using the 5mm Hem-o-lok® ligation systems. Once the specimen was completely mobilized, a plastic bag (used for suction drain) was custom-made and introduced into the abdomen through the 11mm trocar. The specimen was removed transumbilically, and the procedure finished with the closure of the access site by absorbable figure of 8 sutures.

Results: Laparoscopic time was 98 minutes, estimated blood loss was 20cc, and the final scar length was 16mm. The patient was discharged from the hospital after 2 days.

Conclusions: Transumbilical single access laparoscopic right adrenalectomy is feasible and safe. With this technique, the cost of the procedure is not increased, the final scar length is minimal, and the working triangulation is established intrabdominally as well as externally.
G Dapri, L Gerard, M Bortes, V Zulian, GB Cadière
Surgical intervention
5 years ago
1852 views
25 likes
0 comments
06:24
Transumbilical single access laparoscopic right adrenalectomy with 1.8mm epigastric trocarless grasping forceps
Background: Single access laparoscopic adrenalectomy has been reported in supine and prone patient positioning. The authors report the technique with the patient in supine position, with the umbilicus as access site, and with all adopted material as reusable.

Video: A 43-year-old woman was admitted to the hospital for symptomatic primary hyperaldosteronism. A right-side adrenal adenoma was diagnosed, and surgery was proposed. The patient was placed in a supine position with a mild semi-lateral left-sided decubitus. The technique was performed using an 11mm reusable trocar to accommodate a 10mm, 30-degree rigid and regular length scope, in addition to curved reusable instruments according to DAPRI (Karl Storz Endoskope, Tuttlingen, Germany). The right liver lobe was retracted using the 1.8mm trocarless grasping forceps according to DAPRI (Karl Storz Endoskope), inserted percutaneously under the 12th right rib. The procedure started with the adhesiolysis between the hepatic surface and right Gerota’s fascia. Then, after having identified the adrenal gland, it was dissected and the inferior adrenal arteries and veins were clipped between 5mm Hem-o-lok® clips (Teleflex Medical, Research Triangle Park, NC, US). The middle adrenal vein was clipped as well using the 5mm Hem-o-lok® ligation systems. Once the specimen was completely mobilized, a plastic bag (used for suction drain) was custom-made and introduced into the abdomen through the 11mm trocar. The specimen was removed transumbilically, and the procedure finished with the closure of the access site by absorbable figure of 8 sutures.

Results: Laparoscopic time was 98 minutes, estimated blood loss was 20cc, and the final scar length was 16mm. The patient was discharged from the hospital after 2 days.

Conclusions: Transumbilical single access laparoscopic right adrenalectomy is feasible and safe. With this technique, the cost of the procedure is not increased, the final scar length is minimal, and the working triangulation is established intrabdominally as well as externally.
Single incision transumbilical laparoscopic bilateral inguinal hernia repair (TEP)
Background: Laparoscopic repair of inguinal hernia by preperitoneal mesh placement (TEP) has been popularized. Recently, with the advent of single incision transumbilical laparoscopy, this procedure has to be considered because it allows to place a big mesh with a very small final scar, which is also cosmetically acceptable.

Video: A 48-year-old male was admitted to hospital for right direct and indirect and left direct inguinal hernia. A single-incision transumbilical bilateral TEP was proposed. The patient was placed in a supine position with his legs straight. The surgeon stood first on the patient’s left and on the patient’s right later on in the procedure. The natural umbilical scar was incised and the rectus fascia on the left side was opened. A purse-string suture using Vicryl 1 was placed starting at a 9 o’clock position. An 11mm reusable metallic trocar was introduced behind the left rectus muscle into the preperitoneal space. A 0-degree, normal length and rigid scope was advanced into the 11mm trocar and the preperitoneal space was insufflated. This space was dissected using the optical system, first on the right side, and then on the left side. At the time of hernia sac retraction, a monocurved reusable grasping forceps IV according to DAPRI (Karl Storz Endoskope, Tüttlingen, Germany) was introduced inside the purse-string suture, at a 9 o’clock position, parallel to the 11mm trocar. The bilateral hernia sac was reduced, the peritoneal sheet was retracted, and the spermatic elements skeletonized. Two 15cm (latero-lateral) by 10cm (medial cranio-caudal) by 8cm (lateral cranio-caudal) polypropylene meshes (Bard Davol Inc., Warwick RI, US) were introduced through the 11mm trocar. Both meshes were adequately positioned using the monocurved grasping forceps, placing the lateral corner anteriorly to the peritoneal sheet and the medial corner underneath the pubic bone. Meshes were not fixed and the space was desufflated under view.

Results: Operative time was 67 minutes and the final incision length was 12mm. Postoperative pain was controlled by paracetamol (4 g/day) and the patient was discharged after 24 hours.

Conclusions: Single incision transumbilical bilateral TEP makes sense because it allows to place two big meshes using a very small final scar. This treatment allows to increase abdominal trauma reduction, already obtained through conventional multitrocar laparoscopic TEP.
G Dapri, L Gerard, V Zulian, M Bortes, J Bruyns, GB Cadière
Surgical intervention
5 years ago
4150 views
77 likes
2 comments
07:50
Single incision transumbilical laparoscopic bilateral inguinal hernia repair (TEP)
Background: Laparoscopic repair of inguinal hernia by preperitoneal mesh placement (TEP) has been popularized. Recently, with the advent of single incision transumbilical laparoscopy, this procedure has to be considered because it allows to place a big mesh with a very small final scar, which is also cosmetically acceptable.

Video: A 48-year-old male was admitted to hospital for right direct and indirect and left direct inguinal hernia. A single-incision transumbilical bilateral TEP was proposed. The patient was placed in a supine position with his legs straight. The surgeon stood first on the patient’s left and on the patient’s right later on in the procedure. The natural umbilical scar was incised and the rectus fascia on the left side was opened. A purse-string suture using Vicryl 1 was placed starting at a 9 o’clock position. An 11mm reusable metallic trocar was introduced behind the left rectus muscle into the preperitoneal space. A 0-degree, normal length and rigid scope was advanced into the 11mm trocar and the preperitoneal space was insufflated. This space was dissected using the optical system, first on the right side, and then on the left side. At the time of hernia sac retraction, a monocurved reusable grasping forceps IV according to DAPRI (Karl Storz Endoskope, Tüttlingen, Germany) was introduced inside the purse-string suture, at a 9 o’clock position, parallel to the 11mm trocar. The bilateral hernia sac was reduced, the peritoneal sheet was retracted, and the spermatic elements skeletonized. Two 15cm (latero-lateral) by 10cm (medial cranio-caudal) by 8cm (lateral cranio-caudal) polypropylene meshes (Bard Davol Inc., Warwick RI, US) were introduced through the 11mm trocar. Both meshes were adequately positioned using the monocurved grasping forceps, placing the lateral corner anteriorly to the peritoneal sheet and the medial corner underneath the pubic bone. Meshes were not fixed and the space was desufflated under view.

Results: Operative time was 67 minutes and the final incision length was 12mm. Postoperative pain was controlled by paracetamol (4 g/day) and the patient was discharged after 24 hours.

Conclusions: Single incision transumbilical bilateral TEP makes sense because it allows to place two big meshes using a very small final scar. This treatment allows to increase abdominal trauma reduction, already obtained through conventional multitrocar laparoscopic TEP.
Transumbilical single access laparoscopic left adrenalectomy for symptomatic pheochromocytoma
Background: Single access laparoscopy has been reported for adrenal gland surgery. This technique can also be applied for patients presenting non-small lesions and symptomatic diseases such as pheochromocytoma.

Video: A 17-year-old woman was admitted to hospital for severe headaches, palpitations, and tachycardia along with tremulousness, dizziness, and vomiting. A symptomatic left-side single location adrenal pheochromocytoma was diagnosed and a transumbilical single access laparoscopic left adrenalectomy was proposed. The patient was placed in a semi-lateral right-sided decubitus. The technique was performed using an 11mm reusable trocar to accommodate a 10mm, 30-degree rigid and regular length scope in addition to curved reusable instruments according to DAPRI (Karl Storz Endoskope, Tüttlingen, Germany). The procedure started with the opening of the splenocolic ligament and, after mobilization of the splenopancreatic block medially, the adrenal lesion was demonstrated. Probably due to the size of the lesion, only two main adrenal vessels were found: vein and mid-artery. Both vessels were dissected and divided between 5mm non-absorbable clips. The specimen was retrieved transumbilically in a custom-made plastic bag.

Results: Laparoscopic time was 129 minutes, estimated blood loss 20cc, and the final scar length measured 16mm. The symptomatic status of the patient was resolved immediately. The patient was discharged from the intensive care unit after 3 days and from the hospital after 6 days.

Conclusions: Transumbilical single access laparoscopic left adrenalectomy for symptomatic pheochromocytoma is feasible and safe. In young ladies, it offers an excellent cosmetic result, avoiding abdominal trauma.
G Dapri, V Zulian, M Bortes, P Mathonet, GB Cadière
Surgical intervention
5 years ago
1495 views
14 likes
0 comments
07:29
Transumbilical single access laparoscopic left adrenalectomy for symptomatic pheochromocytoma
Background: Single access laparoscopy has been reported for adrenal gland surgery. This technique can also be applied for patients presenting non-small lesions and symptomatic diseases such as pheochromocytoma.

Video: A 17-year-old woman was admitted to hospital for severe headaches, palpitations, and tachycardia along with tremulousness, dizziness, and vomiting. A symptomatic left-side single location adrenal pheochromocytoma was diagnosed and a transumbilical single access laparoscopic left adrenalectomy was proposed. The patient was placed in a semi-lateral right-sided decubitus. The technique was performed using an 11mm reusable trocar to accommodate a 10mm, 30-degree rigid and regular length scope in addition to curved reusable instruments according to DAPRI (Karl Storz Endoskope, Tüttlingen, Germany). The procedure started with the opening of the splenocolic ligament and, after mobilization of the splenopancreatic block medially, the adrenal lesion was demonstrated. Probably due to the size of the lesion, only two main adrenal vessels were found: vein and mid-artery. Both vessels were dissected and divided between 5mm non-absorbable clips. The specimen was retrieved transumbilically in a custom-made plastic bag.

Results: Laparoscopic time was 129 minutes, estimated blood loss 20cc, and the final scar length measured 16mm. The symptomatic status of the patient was resolved immediately. The patient was discharged from the intensive care unit after 3 days and from the hospital after 6 days.

Conclusions: Transumbilical single access laparoscopic left adrenalectomy for symptomatic pheochromocytoma is feasible and safe. In young ladies, it offers an excellent cosmetic result, avoiding abdominal trauma.
Repair of distal esophageal perforation (Boerhaave’s syndrome) by left thoracoscopy with the patient in prone position
Background: Boerhaave’s syndrome is an emergency disease related to a high risk of mortality and morbidity. Surgical treatment is usually performed by thoracotomy or thoracoscopy with the patient in lateral position. The authors report a patient with a distal esophageal perforation treated by left thoracoscopy in prone position.

Clinical case: A 44-year-old man was admitted to our emergency room following a 14-hour episode of vomiting and hematemesis. Preoperative work-up evidenced a perforation of the distal esophagus on the left side, associated with a pneumomediastinum. The patient underwent a left thoracoscopy in a prone position, after induction of general anesthesia using a Carlens-type double lumen tube. Three trocars of 5mm, 10mm, and 5mm, were placed in the 5th, 7th, and 10th intercostal spaces respectively. Exploration of the chest cavity revealed the presence of free liquid and fibrin, with no evidence of esophageal perforation. However, the esophageal perforation was demonstrated after dissection of the mediastinal pleura, and appeared to be 2cm in length. A nasogastric tube was advanced into the stomach under visual control, and an additional trocarless grasper was placed in the 10th intercostal space to improve exposure. The esophagus perforation was closed using 2/0 silk interrupted sutures, with a reinforcement patch using the inferior pulmonary ligament. The cavity was cleansed and the 5mm trocar was replaced with a chest tube in the 10th intercostal space, with its tip close to the suture.

Results: Operative time was 90 minutes, and no significant operative bleeding was noted. The patient was admitted to hospital in the Intensive Care Unit and extubated after 24 hours. A chest tube was placed in the right chest after 10 days for a pleural effusion, and a pericardial drain was placed after 16 days for pericardial tamponade. A gastrograffin swallow test on postoperative day 10 revealed a residual sinus at the site of the perforation. Another gastrograffin swallow test on postoperative day 20 was negative for leakage. The patient was discharged after 32 days.

Conclusions: Esophageal perforation can be treated by thoracoscopy with the patient placed in a prone position as access is facilitated by the effect of gravity on the cardiopulmonary organs. The success of the primary suture depends on the timing between the incident and the treatment; however, morbidity remains high.
G Dapri, S Carandina, L Gerard, GB Cadière
Surgical intervention
6 years ago
3007 views
58 likes
0 comments
07:11
Repair of distal esophageal perforation (Boerhaave’s syndrome) by left thoracoscopy with the patient in prone position
Background: Boerhaave’s syndrome is an emergency disease related to a high risk of mortality and morbidity. Surgical treatment is usually performed by thoracotomy or thoracoscopy with the patient in lateral position. The authors report a patient with a distal esophageal perforation treated by left thoracoscopy in prone position.

Clinical case: A 44-year-old man was admitted to our emergency room following a 14-hour episode of vomiting and hematemesis. Preoperative work-up evidenced a perforation of the distal esophagus on the left side, associated with a pneumomediastinum. The patient underwent a left thoracoscopy in a prone position, after induction of general anesthesia using a Carlens-type double lumen tube. Three trocars of 5mm, 10mm, and 5mm, were placed in the 5th, 7th, and 10th intercostal spaces respectively. Exploration of the chest cavity revealed the presence of free liquid and fibrin, with no evidence of esophageal perforation. However, the esophageal perforation was demonstrated after dissection of the mediastinal pleura, and appeared to be 2cm in length. A nasogastric tube was advanced into the stomach under visual control, and an additional trocarless grasper was placed in the 10th intercostal space to improve exposure. The esophagus perforation was closed using 2/0 silk interrupted sutures, with a reinforcement patch using the inferior pulmonary ligament. The cavity was cleansed and the 5mm trocar was replaced with a chest tube in the 10th intercostal space, with its tip close to the suture.

Results: Operative time was 90 minutes, and no significant operative bleeding was noted. The patient was admitted to hospital in the Intensive Care Unit and extubated after 24 hours. A chest tube was placed in the right chest after 10 days for a pleural effusion, and a pericardial drain was placed after 16 days for pericardial tamponade. A gastrograffin swallow test on postoperative day 10 revealed a residual sinus at the site of the perforation. Another gastrograffin swallow test on postoperative day 20 was negative for leakage. The patient was discharged after 32 days.

Conclusions: Esophageal perforation can be treated by thoracoscopy with the patient placed in a prone position as access is facilitated by the effect of gravity on the cardiopulmonary organs. The success of the primary suture depends on the timing between the incident and the treatment; however, morbidity remains high.
Transumbilical single access laparoscopic Toupet fundoplication
Background: Different procedures have been reported to be feasible and safe through single access laparoscopy (SAL). A transumbilical SAL Toupet fundoplication is demonstrated here.

Video: A young lady sought care for gastroesophageal reflux disease associated with grade B esophagitis, hiatal hernia and esophageal dyskinesia. The SAL procedure was performed by the opening of the umbilicus through Hasson’s technique. An 11mm reusable trocar was inserted for a 10mm, 30-degree angled, non-flexible, and standard length scope. Curved reusable instruments according to Dapri (Karl Storz Endoskope) were introduced through the same scar without trocars. The gastroesophageal junction was exposed thanks to the insertion of a 2mm wire under the xiphoid access. Crura repair and fundoplication were performed using intracorporeal knots, with a curved needle-holder. The umbilicus was finally closed in layers.

Results: No extra-umbilical trocar was necessary, and no intraoperative complications were registered. Operative time was 172 minutes and the final umbilical scar was 15mm. Postoperative pain was kept minimal, and the patient was discharged on the third postoperative day after a satisfying gastrograffin swallow.

Conclusions: Transumbilical SAL Toupet fundoplication is feasible. Use of curved and reusable instruments permits to avoid the conflict between the instruments’ tips intracorporeally or between the surgeons’ hands externally. Thanks to this technique, the cost of SAL is similar to multi-trocar laparoscopy.
G Dapri, L Gerard, S Carandina, GB Cadière
Surgical intervention
6 years ago
2805 views
35 likes
1 comment
08:05
Transumbilical single access laparoscopic Toupet fundoplication
Background: Different procedures have been reported to be feasible and safe through single access laparoscopy (SAL). A transumbilical SAL Toupet fundoplication is demonstrated here.

Video: A young lady sought care for gastroesophageal reflux disease associated with grade B esophagitis, hiatal hernia and esophageal dyskinesia. The SAL procedure was performed by the opening of the umbilicus through Hasson’s technique. An 11mm reusable trocar was inserted for a 10mm, 30-degree angled, non-flexible, and standard length scope. Curved reusable instruments according to Dapri (Karl Storz Endoskope) were introduced through the same scar without trocars. The gastroesophageal junction was exposed thanks to the insertion of a 2mm wire under the xiphoid access. Crura repair and fundoplication were performed using intracorporeal knots, with a curved needle-holder. The umbilicus was finally closed in layers.

Results: No extra-umbilical trocar was necessary, and no intraoperative complications were registered. Operative time was 172 minutes and the final umbilical scar was 15mm. Postoperative pain was kept minimal, and the patient was discharged on the third postoperative day after a satisfying gastrograffin swallow.

Conclusions: Transumbilical SAL Toupet fundoplication is feasible. Use of curved and reusable instruments permits to avoid the conflict between the instruments’ tips intracorporeally or between the surgeons’ hands externally. Thanks to this technique, the cost of SAL is similar to multi-trocar laparoscopy.
Single incision transumbilical laparoscopic left hepatic lobectomy
Background: Single-incision laparoscopy (SIL) recently gained interest mainly to improve the cosmetic outcomes. This video shows a patient submitted to left hepatic lobectomy by transumbilical SIL.

Video: A 24 year-old woman with a BMI of 24.4 kg/m2 consulted for a hydatid cyst of the II-III hepatic segments. Preoperative work-up showed a hepatic hydatid cyst of the segment III, partially involving the segment II. A transumbilical SIL was performed using an 11mm trocar for a 10mm, standard length, 30-degree scope, and a curved grasping forceps, and Ligasure V. At the end of the resection, a custom-made plastic bag was inserted in the abdomen through the 11mm trocar, and the specimen was morcellated at the umbilicus inside it without tearing.

Results: No conversion to open surgery or additional trocars were necessary. Total operative time was 114 minutes and laparoscopic time 96 minutes. Final umbilical incision length was 20mm. The patient’s pain medication could be kept low and the patient was discharged on the 5th postoperative day. After 6 months, the patient was well with no visible scar.

Conclusion: Left hepatic lobectomy for benign lesions can safely be performed through transumbilical SIL. In the absence of malignancy, the final incision length can be kept minimal.
G Dapri, V Donckier, J Himpens, GB Cadière
Surgical intervention
7 years ago
2699 views
25 likes
2 comments
05:12
Single incision transumbilical laparoscopic left hepatic lobectomy
Background: Single-incision laparoscopy (SIL) recently gained interest mainly to improve the cosmetic outcomes. This video shows a patient submitted to left hepatic lobectomy by transumbilical SIL.

Video: A 24 year-old woman with a BMI of 24.4 kg/m2 consulted for a hydatid cyst of the II-III hepatic segments. Preoperative work-up showed a hepatic hydatid cyst of the segment III, partially involving the segment II. A transumbilical SIL was performed using an 11mm trocar for a 10mm, standard length, 30-degree scope, and a curved grasping forceps, and Ligasure V. At the end of the resection, a custom-made plastic bag was inserted in the abdomen through the 11mm trocar, and the specimen was morcellated at the umbilicus inside it without tearing.

Results: No conversion to open surgery or additional trocars were necessary. Total operative time was 114 minutes and laparoscopic time 96 minutes. Final umbilical incision length was 20mm. The patient’s pain medication could be kept low and the patient was discharged on the 5th postoperative day. After 6 months, the patient was well with no visible scar.

Conclusion: Left hepatic lobectomy for benign lesions can safely be performed through transumbilical SIL. In the absence of malignancy, the final incision length can be kept minimal.
Transumbilical single-access perforated gastric ulcer repair
Background: Single-access laparoscopy (SAL) can be proposed in patients presenting peritonitis both for diagnosis and treatment. This video shows a transumbilical SAL performed for perforated gastric ulcer.

Video: A 30 year-old woman with a body mass index of 22.9 kg/m2 was admitted to the emergency room for diffuse abdominal pain. Preoperative work-up showed a pneumoperitoneum, hence a SAL was proposed to the patient. The procedure was performed using a standard 11mm reusable trocar for a 10mm, standard length, 30-degree scope, and curved reusable instruments inserted transumbilically without trocars. The cavity exploration showed a perforated gastric ulcer at the anterior surface of the prepyloric area. A suture repair, omentoplasty and lavage of the cavity was performed.

Results: No conversion to open surgery or additional trocars were necessary. Total operative time was 108 minutes and laparoscopic time 86 minutes. Final umbilical incision length was 15mm. The patient’s pain medication could be kept low and the patient was allowed to be discharged on the 5th postoperative day. After 6 months, the patient was well with no visible umbilical scar.

Conclusion: Transumbilical SAL can be proposed in selected patients for suspicion of perforated gastric ulcer, with the main advantage of cosmetic result.
G Dapri, J Himpens, GB Cadière
Surgical intervention
7 years ago
3830 views
50 likes
2 comments
05:17
Transumbilical single-access perforated gastric ulcer repair
Background: Single-access laparoscopy (SAL) can be proposed in patients presenting peritonitis both for diagnosis and treatment. This video shows a transumbilical SAL performed for perforated gastric ulcer.

Video: A 30 year-old woman with a body mass index of 22.9 kg/m2 was admitted to the emergency room for diffuse abdominal pain. Preoperative work-up showed a pneumoperitoneum, hence a SAL was proposed to the patient. The procedure was performed using a standard 11mm reusable trocar for a 10mm, standard length, 30-degree scope, and curved reusable instruments inserted transumbilically without trocars. The cavity exploration showed a perforated gastric ulcer at the anterior surface of the prepyloric area. A suture repair, omentoplasty and lavage of the cavity was performed.

Results: No conversion to open surgery or additional trocars were necessary. Total operative time was 108 minutes and laparoscopic time 86 minutes. Final umbilical incision length was 15mm. The patient’s pain medication could be kept low and the patient was allowed to be discharged on the 5th postoperative day. After 6 months, the patient was well with no visible umbilical scar.

Conclusion: Transumbilical SAL can be proposed in selected patients for suspicion of perforated gastric ulcer, with the main advantage of cosmetic result.
En bloc laparoscopic right hemicolectomy associated to atypical hepatectomy for advanced cancer of the hepatic flexure
Background: An adenocarcinoma of the hepatic colic flexure associated to liver invasion was diagnosed in a 55 year-old woman, who consulted for weight loss and anemia. The patient was submitted to neoadjuvant chemotherapy and, after 4 cycles, an en bloc laparoscopic right hemicolectomy and atypical hepatectomy of segment VI was proposed.
Video: The surgeon stood between the patient’s legs, and the cameraman to the patient’s left. Four trocars were placed in the abdomen. The right mesocolon was opened at the root of the ileocaecal vessels, which were meticulously dissected and clipped. The arterial and venous branch of the middle colic vessels were sectioned as well. The right mesocolon was freed from the duodenum respecting Toldt’s fascia. The proximal transverse colon and the distal ileum were divided by firing of a linear stapler (purple and white loads). Peroperative ultrasonography permitted exclusion of other hepatic lesions and the delimitation of the en bloc resection of segment VI. The hepatic parenchyma was transected using the coagulating hook. A laparoscopic manual side-to-side ileocolic anastomosis by 2 runnings sutures was performed. The mesocolic defect was closed, and the specimen was retrieved through a protected suprapubic incision.
Results: Operative time was 180 minutes and estimated blood loss 150 mL. The patient was discharged on the 5th postoperative day. Pathology evidenced a pT4N1 colic adenocarcinoma. She underwent additional adjuvant chemotherapy, and was doing well at the time of the last office visit.
Conclusion: Advanced colic cancer associated to hepatic invasion can be safely treated by laparoscopy.
G Dapri, J Himpens, GB Cadière
Surgical intervention
7 years ago
7069 views
41 likes
18 comments
10:17
En bloc laparoscopic right hemicolectomy associated to atypical hepatectomy for advanced cancer of the hepatic flexure
Background: An adenocarcinoma of the hepatic colic flexure associated to liver invasion was diagnosed in a 55 year-old woman, who consulted for weight loss and anemia. The patient was submitted to neoadjuvant chemotherapy and, after 4 cycles, an en bloc laparoscopic right hemicolectomy and atypical hepatectomy of segment VI was proposed.
Video: The surgeon stood between the patient’s legs, and the cameraman to the patient’s left. Four trocars were placed in the abdomen. The right mesocolon was opened at the root of the ileocaecal vessels, which were meticulously dissected and clipped. The arterial and venous branch of the middle colic vessels were sectioned as well. The right mesocolon was freed from the duodenum respecting Toldt’s fascia. The proximal transverse colon and the distal ileum were divided by firing of a linear stapler (purple and white loads). Peroperative ultrasonography permitted exclusion of other hepatic lesions and the delimitation of the en bloc resection of segment VI. The hepatic parenchyma was transected using the coagulating hook. A laparoscopic manual side-to-side ileocolic anastomosis by 2 runnings sutures was performed. The mesocolic defect was closed, and the specimen was retrieved through a protected suprapubic incision.
Results: Operative time was 180 minutes and estimated blood loss 150 mL. The patient was discharged on the 5th postoperative day. Pathology evidenced a pT4N1 colic adenocarcinoma. She underwent additional adjuvant chemotherapy, and was doing well at the time of the last office visit.
Conclusion: Advanced colic cancer associated to hepatic invasion can be safely treated by laparoscopy.
Minimally invasive esophagectomy in a patient in a prone position
This video demonstrates a total esophagectomy for a cancer of distal esophagus. The surgeon starts with right thoracoscopy with the patient in a prone position. The esophagus and adjoining lymphatics are mobilized and separated from the adjoining structures. The azygos vein is divided. Once full mobilization of the thoracic esophagus is achieved, a chest tube is inserted and the trocars are removed and the patient is put in a supine position. The surgeon now performs laparoscopic dissection of the left gastric vessels and lymphatics. A gastric tube is created and duodenum is kocherized. After full mobilization of the gastroesophageal junction and the tumor at the hiatus, a cervicotomy is carried out and the esophagus is pulled out through the cervical incision. The esophagus is resected and a side-to-side stapled anastomosis is made between the cervical esophagus and the gastric tube.
GB Cadière, J Himpens
Surgical intervention
12 years ago
464 views
24 likes
1 comment
11:57
Minimally invasive esophagectomy in a patient in a prone position
This video demonstrates a total esophagectomy for a cancer of distal esophagus. The surgeon starts with right thoracoscopy with the patient in a prone position. The esophagus and adjoining lymphatics are mobilized and separated from the adjoining structures. The azygos vein is divided. Once full mobilization of the thoracic esophagus is achieved, a chest tube is inserted and the trocars are removed and the patient is put in a supine position. The surgeon now performs laparoscopic dissection of the left gastric vessels and lymphatics. A gastric tube is created and duodenum is kocherized. After full mobilization of the gastroesophageal junction and the tumor at the hiatus, a cervicotomy is carried out and the esophagus is pulled out through the cervical incision. The esophagus is resected and a side-to-side stapled anastomosis is made between the cervical esophagus and the gastric tube.